Shankar won his first Grammy for 1967's West Meets East, a collaboration with Yehudi Menuhin, which was voted Best Chamber Music Performance. In March 1973, Shankar was among the winners for Album of the Year for George Harrison & Friends' The Concert For Bangla Desh. He shared the prize with Harrison, Bob Dylan, Leon Russell, Ringo Starr, Billy Preston, Eric Clapton and Klaus Voormann. Shankar won his most recent Grammy for 2001's Full Circle—Carnegie Hall 2000, which was voted Best World Music Album.
This year's other Lifetime Achievement Award winners are Carole King, The Temptations, Patti Page, classical pianist Glenn Gould, jazz bassist and composer Charlie Haden and blues singer/guitarist Lightnin' Hopkins.
Trustees Awards (given to non-performers) went to songwriters Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Chess Records founders Leonard and Phil Chess and Capitol Records executive Alan Livingston.
In March 1972, King became the first female artist to sweep Grammys for Album, Record and Song of the Year. She won for Tapestry, "It's Too Late" and "You've Got A Friend," respectively. In all the years since, just two other female artists, Dixie Chicks and Adele, have equaled the feat. King is the second artist associated with the "Laurel Canyon rock" movement of the early '70s to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award. Joni Mitchell was saluted in 2002.
In March 1969, the Temptations brought home Motown's first Grammy: Best Rhythm & Blues Performance by a Duo or Group for "Cloud Nine." They won two awards for their 1972 classic "Papa Was A Rollin' Stone." They won their most recent Grammy for 2000's Ear-Resistible, which was voted Best Traditional R&B Vocal Album.
Glenn Gould won just one Grammy in his lifetime—and it was for writing liner notes. The classical pianist died in 1982 at age 50. Over the next two years, he won three posthumous Grammys. His 1982 album Bach: The Goldberg Variations won two Grammys, including Best Classical Album.
Lightnin' Hopkins recorded such highly-regarded songs as "T-Model Blues," "Tim Moore's Farm" and "Mojo Hand." He died in 1982 at age 69.
The Bergmans and the late Marvin Hamlisch won two Grammys in March 1975 for their music for the Barbra Streisand movie The Way We Were. The title song, which became an instant standard, won as Song of the Year. Three other songs by the pair were nominated in that category: "Nice 'n' Easy" (1960), which they co-wrote with Lew Spence; "The Summer Knows" (1972), the theme from the movie Summer Of 42, which they co-wrote with Michel Legrand; and "You Don't Bring Me Flowers" (1978) which they co-wrote with Neil Diamond.
The Chess brothers signed and recorded such blues and rock legends as Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley and Etta James, all of whom have received Grammy Lifetime Achievement Awards, as well as Howlin' Wolf, Willie Dixon and Little Walter. Phil Chess is 91. Leonard Chess died in 1969 at age 52.
In addition, the Recording Academy announced the recipients of Technical Grammy Awards: Ikutaro Kakehashi and Dave Smith, who, in 1983, unveiled MIDI (Musical Instrumental Digital Interface), and Royer Labs, which initiated a line of ribbon microphones.
The awards will be presented at an invitation-only event on Feb. 9 and will be acknowledged (albeit fleetingly) during the 55th annual Grammy Awards on Feb. 10.
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